Campylobacter jejuni sources and symptoms

Campylobacter jejuni has exploded in recent years from relative obscurity to being

a recognized major cause of human diarrhea in the United States and throughout the world.

Campylobacter jejuni

Campylobacteriosis is estimated at over 4 million cases annually, which surpasses the incidence

of salmoellosis.

A 15-months study in eight hospitals indifferent parts of the United States isolated this

microorganism from stool samples more frequently than Salmonella species and Shigella

species combined.

Campylobacter jejuni sources

Campylobacter jejuni

One of the major Campylobacter jejuni sources is intestinal flora .

Since in small animals like polutry , edible parts of the body touch the gastrointestinal

tract, as much as 50% of polurty meat may be contaminated.

Under-cooked chicken, processed turkey, cake icing, raw clams, drinking water, raw milk, raw hamburger,

and  contact with cats have all been implicated as vehicles of transmission.

Campylobacter jejuni outbreaks seasons

Outbreaks due to this microorganism occur primarily in the spring and the fall.

Survival of the organism in food is fairly poor. Most processing techniques such as

heat, acid, salt, and drying destroy it.

Gastric pH of 203 rapidly kills the organism. It grows best with limited 5-10% oxygen.

Despite its high lability, it is a major cause of disease, as levels of contamination are high

and very small numbers of organisms are needed to produce the infection less than 500 cells.

Such extreme virulence explains why this sensitive bacterium has become recognized

as a leading cause of human enteric infections. Some strains produce a toxin, and some evidence points to the production of a cytoxin.

Campylobacter jejuni Symptoms

Campylobacter jejuni symptoms are not very distinctive and thus are not

easily differentiated from those resulting from other enteric pathogens.

The vary from brief insignificant enteritis to an enterocolitis with

abdominal pain and profuse diarrhea. If symptoms are sufficient to cause the person

to seek medical treatment , there is also usually malaise, fever, vomiting, and in severe cases,

grossly bloody stools.

Other non-gasrointestinal symptoms of Campylobacter jejuni include meningitis in infants,

bacteremia, urinary tract infections, Reiter’s syndrome, and Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Males up to age 45 are more vulnerable than females.

Onset of the disease is usually somewhat slower than that from some of the other enteric pathogens.

with an incubation period of 2-5 days.

Most of those affected recover in less than a week, but 20% have prolonged illness.

Not all persons exposed to the organism develop the disease; a water supply contaminated\by Campylobacter species in a Vermont town resulted in illness of only 20% of the town’s population.

Further, there is evidence that immunity can be acquired as a consequence of one or two infections.

Natural toxicants problems

Conditions under which natural toxicants create a problem

‪Toxicants found in normal food‬‏

Natural toxicants problems

Natural toxicants means the toxicants which found in normal food

Toxicants found in normal food may cause a problem in the following four scenarios

  • 1 a normal food constituent eaten in normal amounts is toxic due to some inborn error of metabolism or some pharmacological reaction;
  • 2 a normal food constituent is eaten in normal amounts by an individual with abnormal sensitivity due to allergy or other disease state;
  • 3 a normal food constituent is eaten in abnormal amounts so that toxicity results; and/or
  • 4 an abnormal food constituent is eaten in normal amounts.

In the first case, a substance that is nutritious for most people is deleterious to others.

Natural toxicants problems‬‏An example is the inborn error of metabolism of the sugar in milk known as lactose intolerance.

Lactose must be broken into its two simple sugar constituents, glucose and galactose, in order to be absorbed . Some individuals lack the enzyme lactose, which is necessary to split lactose , and must rely on products in which lactose is fermented, such as aged cheese or yogurt.

A second example is people who are taking drugs that inhibit the monoamine oxidase enzyme.

People taking these drugs must not eat foods that have been fermented or ripened(cheese, smoked or pickled meat or fish, wines or beer , sauerkraut, or yeast extracts).

Such foods contain tyramine, which requires normally functioning monoamine oxidase to prevent a reaction that includes severe headaches, rapid heart rate, increased blood pressure, and even cardiac failure and/or intercranial hemorrhages.

The second scenario occurs when an individual hypersensitive or allergic to a particular substance or group of substances . Again , the degree of sensitivity may cause reactions that vary dramatically from momentary sneeze to anaphylactic chock.

The third scenario occurs when a person tends to misuse a food or consumes it in large amounts .An example is the eating of a large amount of rhubarb .

The lowest recorded fatal dose rhubarb stalks is nine pounds (although the leaves are very toxic and fatalities have occurred from eating small amounts of them).

A 1982 report told of renal damage and hematuria (blood in urine) from the consumption of two quarts of Worcestershire sauce per month .

These examples show that exaggerated consumption is required before untoward effects are seen.

In some cases, an irrational desire to eat natural or to follow bizarre diet patterns may cause the selection of too much of a certain food and hence of the toxic compounds it may contain.

An example of a food misused is the bay leaf , which can physically damage the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract if ingested whole.

Bay leaf should be crushed or removed before the food is served .

An example of the fourth scenario occurs in honey if the bee collects nectar from plants containing poisonous even carcinogenic alkalods and these alkaloids are transferred to the honey .

Another is the eating of puffer fish fugu in Japan.

Puffer fish is considered a great delicacy, but if the toxic portions are not excised with extreme care, consumption of the fish can be lethal.This scenario can also occur when the consumer either willingly or unknowingly eats normal amounts of a compound that is toxic.

This occurred in 1984 and 1985 when cheap imitation vanilla was brought from Mexico.

It had been made from tonka bean extract banned from use in the United States and contained high levels of the banned food constituent coumarin, which has been shown to damage various body organs , including the liver .

Some people are concerned that the effects of several low doses of different toxic compounds may be additive.

If a person eats a pound of rhubarb with a half pound of potatoes, is the likelihood of toxicity greater because both foods have toxic compounds?

The effect do not seem to be additive, due primarily to the vast chemical diversity in foods.

In fact , the adage that there is safety in numbers is one that applies to foods a person eats, the less likely it is that a hazardous level of many toxin will be ingested .

Those at highest risk are those in subsistence economies who are forced to rely on a few food staples and those who place themselves on a bizarre diet of only a few food items.

Those were some natural toxicants problems, hope that you have enjoyed reading.

Photos were taken from google images

Aging, Diet and health recommendations

Do your nutritional needs change after pass the big Five-O?

Aging, Diet and health recommendations

Certainly the RDAs set by the National Academy of Sciences 

treat all adults more or less the same regardless of age.

Many scientists, however, now believe that nutritional needs do indeed change with age.

Body process slow, nutrients are less efficiently metabolized, immune systems break down,

medications interfere with digestion and assimilation of nutrients and some of them stress

vital organs and accelerate bone loss.

To counteract, or at least temper, the effects of aging, some nutritionists recommend boosting

intake of the B vitamins B6, B12 and folic acid; of vitamins C, D and E; and of betacarotene

and calcium.

They deplore the lack of research on geriatric nutrition and call for studies to pinpoint how

dietary needs change with age.

Meanwhile, they don’t advocate megadoses of vitamins.

On the contrary, they suggest eating fewer high-calorie, high fat, high-cholesterol foods

more whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables.

They also recommend more exercise and perhaps , if needed, a daily multivitamin tablet.

What Is Carcinogens?

Carcinogens,.. cancer formation mechanisms and conditions.

How to care about cancer Cancer formation mechanisms and conditions. DNA and the story of genes: Since our DNA has our genes code, it’s responsible for making all cells in human body. When DNA is healthy it will work just fine. However,


sometimes damage to cells my takes place due to certain factors such as food , irradiation or other environmental agents. Since DNA is a loyal copying machine for our cells and the associated genes, it will replicate just what it has, which is in

this case more faulty cells. Here are the good news! Our immune system is well qualified to clean out ill or damaged cells. That is the great secret of our creation. So why to worry and how come many people get this serious killer? The fact is that we hurt our immune system by loading our body with various toxins such as polluted air, unsuitable water, alcohols, caffeine, pesticides, manufactured foods, etc. There is even more than that, stress and negative thinking are other sources that weaken our natural immune system. I will now give you the proof ; when you get a flue, you will notice that your body becomes weak, you lose your desire to eat or to do anything, you will probably just think about sleeping all the time. That is all you want to do. There is a battle which is being fought by your body against the flue microbe! The majority of your energy is being used to win that battle. Your body has no energy for other activities, only fighting the battle inside! That is exactly what we are talking about with regard to a weak immune system. Let us now summarize the story: There are toxins ( and probably carcinogens) everywhere in our daily life (food, environment, etc.). Those bad guys are inevitable (remember there is no pure way of life nowadays!) We are exposed to the danger 24 hrs. Our immune system, which fights all diseases is equipped to fight those dangers. Some times we weaken our immune system and expose ourselves to danger. Therefore, we have the choice to protect our self against the danger. Let us now move to the common sources of carcinogens? To put it in a simple way, there are three categories: FOOD: this includes everything that we force to our body, such as: SMOKING, FRIED FOODS, BURNED FOODS, NITRATES, HEAVY METALS IN SOME SEA FOODS SUCH AS MERCURY, CADMIUM, LEAD AND ARSENIC, NITRITES AND PESTICIDES) ENVIRONMENT: this includes everything that comes to our body even without our permission such as: SUN (ULTRAVIOLET AND RADON IRRADIATION), ASBESTOS, CHLORINE, FLUORIDES). STRESSES. That is also something we can control most of the time. So, are all those potential criminals? Yes in fact they are all potential suspects, but they can be innocent as well! Next time we will talk more into the three factors and what we can do about all that. Have a healthy life

Natural toxicants in legumes

know about Natural toxicants in legumes

1) Hemagglutinins and lectins.

The first Natural toxicant in legumes are Hemmagglutins and lectins

These are naturally occurring constituents that are mainly in seeds but may also be found in other plants.

Natural toxicants in legumes

They are present at high levels in all legumes and grain products. Fifty _three plants have lectin activity.

Castor beans contain so much of one of the most toxic lectins (ricin) that these beans are unsuitable for use as food.

Lectins can destroy the epithelia of the gastrointestinal tract; interfere with cell mitosis; cause local hemorrhages; damage kidney, liver, and heart; and agglutinate red blood cells, the last of these being the effect after which they are named. A diet of raw black beans can kill rats in four to five days.

Since the toxicity of these compounds is dramatically reduced by cooking with most heat, their use in human diets is little cause for concern except at high altitudes, where the boiling point is reduced, or in situations where heat transfer is terribly uneven.

Toxicity is also reduced because many toxic compounds are destroyed or neutralized in a normal digestive tract and most are poorly absorbed.

Poor absorption means that lectins reach the colon in a biologically intact from and thus can have a beneficial effect.

They appear to protect the human body against colon cancer, either by causing hyper-secretion of intestinal mucus or by exerting a direct toxic effect on tumor cells.

2) Saponins,

another natural toxicant in legumes which have a soap-like quality from which they get their name.

They are found in soybeans, as well as in alfalfa, spinach, asparagas, broccoli, potatoes, apples, eggplant, and ginseng root.

Saponins are capable of disrupting red blood cells and producing diarrhea and vomiting.

On the plus side, they may have the pharmacological function of complexing with cholesterol and reducing serum cholesterol.

Small concentrations are generally harmless to warmblooded animals because intestinal micro-flora destroy them and blood plasma inhibits their action. Ginseng ( a common component of herb teas), with its high saponin content, has been shown to cause nervousness, mood alternations, anorexia, hypertension, edema, sleeplessness, amenorrhea, and diarrhea.

Whether these effects are due to sapoonins to other factors in the ginseng in unknown.


These are other natural toxicants in legumes, fava or broad beans are widely eaten in England and countries around the Mediterranean and are associated with the disease favism.

Favism falls into the first scenario category; that is, it results from a normal food eaten in normal amounts by an individual with a genetic sensitivity.

t s an inherited, sex-linked metabolic disturbance occurring in some people of Mediterranean and Asiatic origin.

It is also seen in parts of Africa and among African-Americans. Eating of fava beans by genetically sensitive individuals results in a hemolytic anemia and hemauturia (blood in the urine) caused by the rupturing of the older red blood cells by the fava bean nucleosides, vicine and covicine. Children are especially susceptible and favism is occasionally fatal.

4) Other natural toxicants in legumes,(fava beans)Due to their high levels of monoamine oxidase inhibitors, which can cause headaches, palpitations, and sharp increases in blood pressure, fava beans can also been implicated as having a carcinogenic compound possibly related to a high incidence of certain types of cancer in Latin America.

5) Lathyrogens, another disease caused by natural toxicants in legumes, (SWEET PEA)Lathyrism is a neurological disease that occurs in India, China, parts of Africa, and the areas around the Mediterranean, especially Spain.

Its incidence increases during periods of drought when people are forced to eat sweet pea (Lathyrus Sativus) and vetch, which contain lathyrogens, unusual amino acids.

In lathyrism, altered metabolism of the connective tissue results in skeletal and aortic abnormalities. Symptoms occur after several months on a diet of these foods.

The nervous system is also affected because the metabolism of the neurotransmitter glutamic acid is impaired. This results in weakness, irritability, tremors, spasticity, jerky motions, and even convulsions.

Neurological effects are seen only in humans, and males are much more susceptible than females.

6) Other toxicant factors in beansAn as-yet-unidentified factor of common beans has been reported to cause pulmonary damage when fed to rats.

The damage decreased lung capacity and caused lung tissue damage as seen under a microscope.

7) Goitrogens as natural toxicants in legumesSoybeans, pine, nuts, peanuts, and millet, as well as fruits and vegetables, contain goitrogens, substances that cause goiters .

The genus Brassica, which is the primary dietary source of goitrogens (glucosinolates), includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, horseradish, kale, kohlrabi, mustard, and mustard seed.

Tow members of this family, turnips and rutabaga, are particularly high in goitrogens.

Carrot, peach, pear, radish, and strawberry may also contain goitrogens.

Milk also may be a source, if one of the Brassica species such as turnips was used as fodder.

Cooking and freezing reduce the amount in milk or vegetables.

A high intake of these vegetables with an inadequate intake of iodine could precipitate goiter.

The use of soy milk by infants also could be a potential problem if iodine is not part of the diet or formulation.

Goitrogenic foods are thought to be responsible for 4% of the world’s goiter cases. In Zaire and Sudan, the use of the staples cassava and millet, together with lack of adequate iodine, results in over half the population having goiter.

Protein-poor diets appear to increase the antithyroid effects of goitrogens . The risk of large amounts of cooked vegetables containing these compounds in otherwise adequate diets is unknown.

Ayurveda for weight gain

Being undAyurveda for weight gainerweight expose you to a lot of health condition as anemia, osteoporosis, risk factor for infection, weak immunity, heart disease and loss bone density. It may be due to genetic factors, psychological, high physical activity, stress, hyperactive thyroid, being ill as it decreases appetite.To gain weight you should increase your calorie intake with healthy food especially high protein food which help in building muscles not fat, try to take snacks which contain plenty of carbohydrates and good fat, eat small meals along the day to increase your calorie intake, try to make strengthen training as it gain weight by building muscle, meditation and massage may help in maintain healthy body weight, sleep for longer hours, avoid any food that contain large amount of sugar

In the other hand, there is another traditional alternative medicine called Ayurveda which is effective, healthy approach and deals with plant product used for building and nourishing the body to improve balanced weight gaining. Ayurveda is inexpensive, available everywhere and safe as it contain nature elements. It is rich in rasayana which is a substance that nourishes the cells, tissue organs of the body and improve immunity

Ayurveda natural home techniques examples:

1) Mango and milk: eating mango then drinking the milk

2) Peanut butter: as it has high calories

3) Potatoes: it has large amount of carbohydrates

4) Nuts: best snacks and contains healthy fat

5) Alamond milk: it contains high calories

6) Drinking carrot juice

7) Eating few Californian raisin after putting it in water before sleep

8) Regular massage help increasing body weight

9) Drinking dry dates regularly after boiling it in the milk

10) Honey and ghee: if it included in daily diet it will increase weight

11) Shatavari: it help in digestion and balancing the weight

Four golden keys for better health and well-being

Four golden keys for better health

I have been thinking about your health. You absolutely deserve a better life. You definitely need more energy

and less visits to doctors. You definitely deserve to have fun with your money. You deserve them, not

doctors !. This is exactly what I am trying to help you with in this blog. Don’t panic. This is a free service, no

nonsense and no technical jargon. Just simple ideas for better life…

Please enjoy life with my Four golden keys for better health and well-being.

I will start with the four pillars of health:

NO. 1. Get rid of the bad habits.

NO 2. Rely less on prescription medications.

NO 3. Follow the right diet system.

NO 4. Increase your daily activities.

This seems simple but hard. Not really !

Yes, it is simple. but not hard. I will absolutely convince you!

We will start with the first pillar: Get rid of the bad habits. I will not talk about cutting alcohols, caffeine, fat and cholesterol, smoking, overweight, sleep shortage, gulping sugars, soft drinks or preserved foods. YOU ARE ABSOLUTELY SMARTER THAN THIS !

You have been taught this in school. All this is right and legitimate. Yes, cut on those. NO DOUBT !

But today I have some uncomfortable news for those who like MEATS !

I will give you an adrenaline boost first. Let us start with some stunning figures:

1. More than 100,000 cows are killed in United States everyday. Not to mention poultry and other meats, nor the rest of world.

2. Studies have shown that children who consumed hot dogs and other processed meats have an 80% higher potential of getting brain cancer. In addition eating hot dogs 12 times a month increased the incidents of leukemia (blood cancer) by 10 FOLDS !

3. Among 2000 workers in meat industry in the united states, 800 workers caught one form of disability just in one year !

Well, if you are not convinced yet,  get to a web search engine and read more…but be ready to fast for a couple of days ! You most probably feel sick if you encounter a movie on this !

Here are some extra top reasons to cut back on meats:

1. You will feel better ! Yes I mean that. Try and see.

2. You will save good chunk of money !

3. You will lower bad cholesterol …

4. You will reduce the potential for heart diseases by 50 % !

5. You will reduce the time for cooking and cleaning piles of greasy dishes !

6. You will save food to feed hungry people in less fortunate parts of the world!

7. You will save a large amount of the precious water used in meat industry !

8. You will reduce all types of pollution.

9. Your mouth smell will improve significantly !

10. Your skin will get better and hair dandruff will disappear !

11. You will get the model weight you have been dreaming of.

12. Your stomach will thank you so much !

Think carefully about this and reconsider your life style.

Next, we will discuss the different types of meats and we will get to the basic details of how often and what types of meat are good for you. We will make a plan.

Remember: No nonsense, no medical or technical jargon. Just simple, plain, and experiment-based science.

That was my Four golden keys for better health and well-being

Until then remain healthy.

I love you all.

Prof Maj

All rights reserved

Herbal remedies for weight loss

when you want to lose your weight you put a lot of options in mind as you may think of traditional options such as diet, exercise but it may be not practiced in a regular manner due to busy schedules and sedentary life in the other hand you may put alternative remedies in consider as it show effective strategy for obesity control and weight management.

           Herbal remedies for weight loss

Mechanism of herbal remedies: studies have shown that it has many benefits:

1) Decrease lipid absorption

2) Decrease energy intake

3) Increase energy expenditure

4) Decrease pre-adipocyte differentiation and proliferation

5) Modulation of carbohydrate metabolism

6) Increase satiety

7) Increase fat oxidation or reduced fat synthesis

8) Block dietary fat absorption

9) Increase water elimination

10) Enhance mood

Also herbal remedies is very effective in losing weight but it may have side effects and can lead to dangerous heath condition so don’t try to take large amount herbs product and  if you decide to take it consult your doctor.

Contraindication of herbal remedies:

1) Pregnant women

2) Patient receiving long tem drugs as hypertension, diabetes mellitus or antidepressant drugs

3) Childs or babies

Examples of herbal products:

1) Green tea: it contain bioactive and antioxidant components that improve health and help lower the absorption of lipids, enhance physical performance

2) Ginseng: it also improve body metabolism and insulin sensitivity

3) Green coffee: decrease appetite and increase fat metabolism

4) Glucomannan: it is a natural dietary fiber it is characterized by very low calorie content, reduce absorption of fat and increase satiety

5) Hibiscus Tea: it help in reducing fat and carbohydrates metabolism

6) Ephedra: help in fat burning and maintain the size of fat cells

7) Hoodia: it also helps in managing weight gain

8) Cayenne pepper: as it stimulates digestion and fat metabolism

9) Coleus forskohlii also stimulate weight loss

10) Garcinia cambogia : help in appetite suppressant

Escherichia coli, Important Information

Pathogenic Esch pathogenic Escherichia colierichia coli is a common resident of the intestinal tract of warm-blooded animals. For many years, the organism was thought to be harmless but was used as a marker organism to provide evidence of the non sanitary handling of food and equipment.

Later it was recognized that some strains of E. coli cause enteric disease. In fact, pathogenic strains of E. coli are now thought to be prime offenders in travelers’ diarrhea and gastrointestinal illness in developing nations and other areas with poor sanitary conditions.

Continue reading “Escherichia coli, Important Information”